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Erdödy family

The Erdödys de Monyorókerék et Monoszló, who had the title of Moslavina (Monoszló), had for centuries been linked not only with Moslavina and other lands in Croatia, but also with much of Croatian history and political life as well...

The Erdödys de Monyorókerék et Monoszló, who had the title of Moslavina (Monoszló), had for centuries been linked not only with Moslavina and other lands in Croatia, but also with much of Croatian history and political life as well. The Erdödys were important in Croatian public life from the sixteenth to the end of the nineteenth century and held leading political, military and church positions. Seven Croatian Bans came from this family: Petar II (Ban 1557-1567), Toma II (Ban 1584-1595), Sigismund (Ban 1627-1639), Nikola I (d. 1663), Nikola II (Acting Ban 1670-1680, Ban 1680-1693), Ivan III (1724-1789) and Ivan Nepomuk II (Ban 1790-1806). From 1607, starting with Toma II, until 1845, the Erdödys gave seventeen Grand Prefects of Varazdin County. This was an hereditary honour of the Counts Erdödy granted to them by Emperor Rudolf II for special merit in the battlefield, especially Petar II and Toma II. In the years of great and decisive wars against the Turks, especially in the sixteenth century, the heroism of the Erdödys became known throughout Europe. The glorious 1593 victory of the Croatian army, under the command of Ban Toma II Erdödy, over the mighty Turkish army near Sisak had proved to be the turning point in wars against the Turks. Turkish historians called that year "the year of disaster", and how true this was soon became apparent because after that year the Turks increasingly had to defend themselves and were rarely in a position to attack.
The Erdödys were a Hungarian family by origin who in the Middle Ages lived in Szatmár County (today Szabolcs-Szatmár, in east Hungary) on the Erdöd estate owned by the Dragfy de Beltek family. In 1459 Nikola I and Toma I, the sons of Franjo Bakoc (Bakocs; in Croatia the name Bakac was usual, more rarely Bakovac), a, peasant wheelwright on the Erdöd estate, were raised to the nobility and in this way the advance of the Erdödy family began. Nikola's son Petar was the founder of the Croatian branch of the family, and Cardinal Toma I Bakac acquired many lands that were inherited by his nephew Petar I. In 1489 King Matthias Corvinus confirmed the nobility granted to Toma I and his brother in 1459, and in 1511 Petar I was created a baron. This was when the family changed the surname Bakocs to Erdödy in memory of the Erdöd estate from which they had come. On 11 October 1565 Emperor Maximilian II created Petar's son Ban Petar II a hereditary count. On 26 February 1580 Emperor Rudolf II confirmed the title of count for Toma II and his brother Petar III. The Croatian branch of the family (known for the Jastrebarsko estate) descended from Petar III and died out in 1703. The Hungarian branch, which inherited all the Croatian lands and held some of them until 1945, descended from Krsto, son of Toma II.
In the eighteenth century the Erdödy family tree branched again: the older line descended from Ladislav and the younger from his brother Ludovik. Ladislav's line branched in two: one was completely Hungarian and owned the Galgócz, Pöstyén, Vép, Söllös and other estates, and the Croatian branch start¬ed with Antun (1797-1864). The younger (Ludovik's) branch of the family returned to Croatia with Karlo (1816-1864) and acquired the estates of Novi Marof, Jastrebarsko and Vidovec. Ladislav's line of the Counts Erdödy still exists and today members of this old and distinguished family live in Germany, Austria and the USA.
The Erdödys owned many feudal estates in Croatia, especially in the six¬teenth century when they were the lords of Cesargrad (Novi Dvori klanječki), Desinić, Dijanovec, Draganić, Dubrovčak, Gračenica, Jastrebarsko, Jelengrad, Karlovac, Kerestinec, Klanjec, Kravarsko, Kutina, Lipovec, Lukavec, Medvedgrad, Metlika, Moslavina, Oborovo, Okić, Plovdin, Rakovec, Samobor, Stubica, Stupnik, Trgovišće, Tuhelj, Varaždin (Castle), Vrbovec, Zelina etc. In the mid-¬eighteenth century Erdödy lands had over 4,000 peasant families. In the eigh¬teenth century the number of estates grew Emperor Charles VI, confirmed by Empress Maria Theresa in 1742, granted Count Ladislav Erdödy the estates of Bela, Ivanec, Cerje and Jurketinec in Croatian Zagorje. At that time the Erdödys had a common management for their estates, one for, estates in Croatia and another for estates in Hungary. The Croatian management was called Pre fectura bonorum Croaticorum.
As time passed estates were sold, exchanged and given as dowries to the women of the family so that the Erdödy lands decreased, but they held onto the largest properties. At the beginning of the nineteenth century the Erdödys owned the following estates in Croatia: Bajnski Dvori, Bela and Cerje (until 1817), Cesargrad, Glogovac, Ivanec (until 1817), Jastrebarsko, Jurketinec (until 1817), Kuzminec, Luka, Moslavina, Negovec, Novi Dvori Jelačićevi (zaprešićki), Novi Marof, Oborovo, Štakorovec, Varaždin (Castle), Zelina and others. Some of them they retained after the fall of Austria-Hungary: Jastrebarsko until 1922, Novi Marof until 1923, and Varazdin Castle until 1924. The Erdödys owned the castles of Rothenburg, Körmend and Vöresvar. Until 1945 they owned several large estates in Hungary (Vep, Somlovar and others) and in Slovakia (Galgócz near Pištijan¬Bathory), and in Austria they still own the old family manor Monyorókerék (Eberau) and the Kohfidisch and Luising Manors.

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